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Chemical constituents from the twigs and leaves of Trichilia sinensis and their biological activities

Cao, Dong-Hua, Sun, Peng, Liao, Shang-Gao, Gan, Li-She, Yang, Lin, Yao, Jian-Neng, Zhang, Zong-Yi, Li, Jin-Feng, Zheng, Xiao-Ling, Xiao, Yi-Dian, Xiao, Chun-Fen, Zhang, Ping, Hu, Hua-Bin, Xu, You-Kai
Phytochemistry letters 2019 v.29 pp. 142-147
Escherichia coli, Heynea velutina, anti-inflammatory activity, antibacterial properties, bacteria, branches, chemical composition, chemical constituents of plants, leaves, limonoids, nitric oxide, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, phenolic acids, spectral analysis
Phytochemical investigation on the twigs and leaves of Trichilia sinensis led to the isolation of two previously undescribed limonoids (i.e., trichiliasinenoids D and E, 1 and 2), two previously undescribed phenolic acids (3 and 4), and one previously undescribed natural phenolic acid dimer (5), together with 11 known compounds (6-16). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis (IR, UV, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR) and chemical techniques. The potential anti-inflammatory activities of all the compounds were evaluated in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Among these isolates, compounds 1, 2, 6, and 11-13 expressed weak NO inhibition. The antibacterial activities of all the compounds against bacteria were also tested in vitro. Compound 16 exhibited moderate antibacterial activities against Escherichia Coli.