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Preparation and properties of composite particles made by nano zinc oxide coated with titanium dioxide

Wu, W., Cai, Y-W., Chen, J-F., Shen, S-L., Martin, A., Wen, L-X.
Journal of materials science 2006 v.41 no.18 pp. 5845-5850
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, aqueous solutions, coatings, drying, phenol, photocatalysis, titanium dioxide, transmission electron microscopy, zinc oxide
In this paper, composite particles of nano zinc oxide coated with titanium dioxide were prepared and characterized by TEM, XRD, XPS and FT-IR, and the properties of the composite particles for photo catalysis and light absorption were studied. Tetrabutyl titanate (TBT) was hydrolyzed in an alcoholic suspension of nano zinc oxide with diethanolamine (DEA) as an additive, resulting in a film with a thickness of 20–30 nm being coated on the surface of nano zinc oxide, and the composite particles contained ZnTiO₃ after drying and calcination. Photocatalysis capabilities of the composite particles for the degradation of phenol in an aqueous solution were greatly improved as compared with nano zinc oxide particles before coating, with pure nano ZnO and nano TiO₂ with similar average sizes, or with the mixture of nano ZnO and TiO₂ with the similar composition as the composite particles. The light absorption scope of the composite particles was enlarged when compared to nano titanium dioxide with same average size.