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A facile synthesis of Cs loaded TiO2 nanotube photoelectrode for the removal of 4-chloroguaiacol

Rajput, Himadri, Changotra, Rahil, Sangal, Vikas Kumar, Mahla, Sunil Kumar, Dhir, Amit
Chemosphere 2019 v.218 pp. 687-695
byproducts, cesium, cytotoxicity, electrochemistry, electrodes, electrolytes, free radicals, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hydroxyl radicals, irradiation, mineralization, nanotubes, oxidation, pH, photocatalysis, pollutants, sodium sulfate, solar radiation, titanium dioxide
In this study, novel Cesium (Cs) doped TiO2 nanotubes photoelectrode (Cs/TiO2NTs) were synthesized by simple electrochemical anodization method and characterized by several physicochemical techniques. In particular, the photocatalytic (PC), electrocatalytic (EC) and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) activity of newly synthesized Cs/TiO2NTs electrodes was investigated using 4-Chloroguaiacol (4-CG). The effect of operating parameters like Cs concentration, electrolyte concentration, external current and pH on degradation efficacy was examined. PEC oxidation using Cs/TiO2NTs lead to 92% degradation of 4-CG in 6 h of solar light irradiation under optimized conditions (2.5 mM Cs, 160 mg L−1 Na2SO4, 0.03 A current and pH 3). A comparative assessment between PEC, PC and EC process manifested that PEC process was most efficient than the other two processes and Cs/TiO2NTs exhibited higher PEC activity than bare-TiO2 electrodes in terms of degradation and mineralization of organic pollutant. The generation of OH radicals was found to be highest in PEC when compared to EC and PC process. Possible intermediates/byproducts were identified by GC-MS technique and a corresponding tentative degradation pathway has been proposed. Cytotoxicity study showed that PEC has potential to detoxify 4-CG. Hence, combination of TiO2 electrodes decorated with Cs metal can act as a highly efficient photoelectrode for the degradation of hazardous pollutants.