Main content area

Integrated assessment of sediment contaminant levels and biological responses in sentinel fish species Atherinella brasiliensis from a sub-tropical estuary in south Atlantic

Salgado, Lilian Dalago, Marques, Antonio Ernesto Meister Luz, Kramer, Rafael Duarte, Oliveira, Fernando Garrido de, Moretto, Sarah Lott, Lima, Barbara Alves de, Prodocimo, Maritana Mela, Cestari, Marta Margarete, Azevedo, Júlio Cesar Rodrigues de, Silva de Assis, Helena Cristina
Chemosphere 2019 v.219 pp. 15-27
Atherinella brasiliensis, adverse effects, anthropogenic activities, biomarkers, biomass, biotransformation, chronic exposure, climate, combustion, drugs, environmental quality, estuaries, fish, fossil fuels, genotoxicity, good hygiene practices, histopathology, humans, hydrodynamics, metals, multivariate analysis, oils, oxidative stress, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, rain, seasonal variation, sediments, sewage, Brazil
This study combined data of the concentrations of metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and pharmaceuticals and personal hygiene products (PPCPs) in the sediments and the biological responses of the Atherinella brasiliensis fish in two different sites and climate seasons in the Estuarine-Lagoon Complex of Iguape-Cananéia, Southeast Brazil. The presence of metals, PAHs, and PPCPs were observed in the sediments demonstrating the contamination throughout the system with contributions of sewage and residues disposal, oil and combustion of biomass and fossil fuels. Higher contaminations were identified in the point of greater human presence (C - Cananéia City), especially during the cold-dry season. The influence of anthropic activities and variations in the estuarine conditions, such as lower hydrodynamics during the lower rainfall period, were observed. In fish, spatial and seasonal changes in the parameters of oxidative stress and biotransformation, genotoxicity and histopathological alterations followed the same trend, with more pronounced responses in C in the cold-dry season. The biological responses of the fish revealed adverse effects in the local species population and indicated the presence of metals, PAHs and PPCPs as stressors. The multivariate analysis and the integrated biomarker response index (IBR) corroborated with these results, also indicating that site C had the worst environmental quality. The present study provides new information about the contamination of the sediments of Estuarine-Lagoon Complex of Iguape-Cananéia and the chronic exposure to contaminants in A. brasiliensis. Therefore, contributing to a better understanding of the local environmental quality with data that can support protective management of the area.