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Blue light attenuation mediates morphological and architectural acclimation of Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec to shade and increases light capture

González, Carina V., Jeréz, Damián Nicolás, Jofré, María Florencia, Guevara, Aranzazú, Prieto, Jorge, Mazza, Carlos, Williams, Larry E., Giordano, Carla V.
Environmental and experimental botany 2019 v.157 pp. 112-120
Vitis vinifera, absorption, acclimation, biomass production, blue light, canopy, fruit crops, leaves, light intensity, photoreceptors, photosynthesis, photosynthetically active radiation, phytochrome, shade, solar radiation, spectral analysis, vineyards
Grapevine is one of the most important fruit crops worldwide. Vineyard management practices affect light interception and spectral characteristics inside the canopy. Plant photoreceptors drive shade acclimation responses after the perception of light signals such as low photosynthetic active radiation (PAR), low blue light (BL) levels and low red-to-far red ratios (R:FR). Grapevine plants effectively acclimate to shade but are irresponsive to variations in R:FR perceived by phytochromes. To determine if BL attenuation mediate shade acclimation in this species, we manipulated sunlight reaching the plants by filtering. Vitis vinifera cv. Malbec plants were grown under low (LOW PAR) and high (HIGH PAR) neutral light environments, and under high light but attenuating the BL component of the spectrum (-BLUE). We evaluated morphological, biochemical and architectural responses to shade, and modelled light interception (LIE) and absorption (Ea) efficiencies. We found that plants grown under –BLUE mimicked morphological and architectural responses of plants cultivated under LOW PAR. In addition, LIE and Ea were higher in plants grown under –BLUE and LOW PAR than in HIGH PAR. Our findings suggest that morphological and architectural responses to shade are under the control of BL-photoreceptors in grapevine. However, BL attenuation failed to induce the accumulation of photosynthetic pigments in leaves observed under LOW PAR. Unchanged biomass accumulation across light treatments suggests that improved light capture counterbalanced irradiance reduction. These results might help in the design of practices that manipulate irradiance in the field, and that are increasingly being used as environment-friendly management tools to improve crop performance.