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Lithium-containing biomaterials stimulate bone marrow stromal cell-derived exosomal miR-130a secretion to promote angiogenesis

Liu, Lu, Liu, Yaqin, Feng, Chun, Chang, Jiang, Fu, Runqing, Wu, Tingting, Yu, Fei, Wang, Xiaoting, Xia, Lunguo, Wu, Chengtie, Fang, Bing
Biomaterials 2019 v.192 pp. 523-536
angiogenesis, biocompatible materials, blood vessels, bone marrow, ceramics, endothelial cells, exosomes, gene expression regulation, genes, glass, mesenchymal stromal cells, microRNA, models, secretion, signal transduction, transcription factor NF-kappa B
The chemical signals of biomaterials could influence bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs)-endothelial cells (ECs) communication during vascularized bone regeneration. However, the underlying mechanisms still remain unknown. Exosomes, a series of extracellular vesicles, have recently emerged as potential paracrine mediators in cell-cell communication. However, whether exosomes and exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the chemical signals of biomaterials-modulated BMSCs-ECs communication are unknown. Hence, in the present study, a model Li-incorporated bioactive glass ceramic (Li-BGC) was applied to explore the chemical signals of biomaterials mediated cell-cell communication between BMSCs and ECs. Our results showed that Li-BGC directly promoted the pro-angiogenic capability of HUVECs in vitro and new blood vessel ingrowth in vivo. Moreover, Li-BGC activated Wnt/β-catenin, AKT and NF-κB signaling pathways, while AKT signaling pathway might function as the upstream of Wnt/β-catenin and NF-κB signaling pathways. More importantly, Li-BGC further facilitated the pro-angiogenic capacity of HUVECs by eliciting the expression of exosomal pro-angiogenic miR-130a in BMSCs-derived exosomes, which subsequently leading to the downregulation of PTEN protein and activation of AKT pathway, ultimately resulting in the elevated proliferation, migration and tube formation of endothelial cells, as well as the upregulated expression of pro-angiogenic genes. Our findings may provide new insights into the regulatory roles of the chemical signals of biomaterials in BMSCs-ECs communication via stimulating exosomal miR-130a secretion and PTEN/AKT signaling pathway in the angiogenic process of bone remodelling.