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Production of magnetic chitinous microcages from ephippia of zooplankton Daphnia longispina and heavy metal removal studies

Sargin, Idris, Arslan, Gulsin, Kaya, Murat
Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.207 pp. 200-210
Daphnia longispina, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, aqueous solutions, cadmium, chitin, chromium, copper, eggs, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, heavy metals, magnetism, metal ions, nickel, scanning electron microscopy, sorption, thermogravimetry, zinc, zooplankton
This is the first study on production of three dimensional chitinous microcages from ephippial eggs of a microcrustacean, Daphnia longispina (water flea) by keeping the original shape of its chitinous structure. Iron-based magnetic particles were successfully loaded into the chitinous microcages to enhance its heavy metal sorption capacity. The FT-IR, SEM-EDX and TGA analysis proved the purity of chitin and demonstrated that the loading of magnetic particles into the chitinous microcages was achieved. These newly obtained three-dimensional chitin microcages and magnetic particles loaded microcages were tested in Cd(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) removal from aqueous solutions. Magnetic particles loaded microcages exhibited a better performance in removal of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions; while unloaded microcages showed a higher affinity for Cr(III) and Zn(II). This study demonstrated that the chitin microcages are suitable carriers for iron-based magnetic particles. Here these new materials were studied only for removal of five heavy metal ions but these promising materials have a potential to be used in various fields.