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Catalytic and ionic cross-linking actions of l-glutamate salt for the modification of cellulose by 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid
- Ji, Bolin, Tang, Peixin, Hu, Chunyan, Yan, Kelu
- Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.207 pp. 288-296
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, absorbance, anhydrides, carboxylic acids, catalysts, catalytic activity, cellulose, crosslinking, durability, esterification, fabrics, glutamic acid, moieties, monosodium glutamate, sodium, sodium hydroxide
- The sodium l-glutamate is reported as an efficient catalyst for the cross-linking between 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) and cellulose. Results presented ester absorbance of the treated fabrics strongly increased in the presence of the homemade l-glutamate salt, a mixture of l-glutamic acid (LGA) and NaOH at a specific ratio. Importantly, anti-wrinkle properties of the treated fabrics were significantly improved. Based on the relative concentration calculation, l-glutamate promoted the reaction of BTCA with cellulose by accelerating the formation of BTCA anhydrides and the esterification of anhydrides with cellulose. Besides, the improved anti-wrinkle property was partially attributed to the fact that the generated LGA reacted with cellulose and formed ionic cross-linking networks through amino groups with carboxyl groups in BTCA, which was confirmed by the Fourier transform infrared spectra and the computational calculations. Through detailed comparisons, l-glutamate catalyzed fabrics showed as good durability as sodium hypophosphite, indicating a possible alternative for phosphorus-containing catalysts.