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Controlled graft polymerization on the surface of filter paper via enzyme-initiated RAFT polymerization

Wang, Wenyan, Yu, Yuanyuan, Wang, Ping, Wang, Qiang, Li, Yongqiang, Yuan, Jiugang, Fan, Xuerong
Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.207 pp. 239-245
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, catalytic activity, cellulosic materials, contact angle, peroxidase, polyacrylamide, polymerization, thermogravimetry
This study reports on eco-friendly graft polymerization approach for the modification of a cellulosic material via combination between enzymatic catalysis and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT). Polyacrylamide (PAM) was polymerized on a cellulosic filter paper via horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-initiated RAFT polymerization. The results of grafting ratio, conversion, and pseudo-first-order kinetics were proved that the PAM graft polymerization on the filter paper followed RAFT rules. The results of Attenuated total reflection (ATR-FTIR), elemental analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the presence of PAM in PAM-grafted filter paper. The results of water contact angle and Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) evidenced the change in the wetting properties and thermal performance, respectively of the treated filter paper. This work provides a new environmentally approach to graft polymerization on cellulosic materials.