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Characterization of grain boundary disconnections in SrTiO3 part I: the dislocation component of grain boundary disconnections

Author:
Sternlicht, Hadas, Rheinheimer, Wolfgang, Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E., Hoffmann, Michael J., Kaplan, Wayne D.
Source:
Journal of materials science 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 3694-3709
ISSN:
0022-2461
Subject:
crystals, strontium, titanium, transmission electron microscopy
Abstract:
High-resolution transmission electron microscopy is often used to characterize grain boundaries, but it is usually limited to special high symmetry boundaries with a high density of coincident sites. For these ‘special’ boundaries, both crystals can be brought into a low-index zone-axis with the boundary plane parallel to the incident electron beam. In this case the atomistic structure of the boundary can be solved, which is not possible for other, more general grain boundaries. In the present study, general grain boundaries in SrTiO₃ were analyzed using aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy. These boundaries included at least one type of disconnection (i.e., defects that can have a step and/or a dislocation component). Since the dislocation component of disconnections along general grain boundaries cannot be fully resolved using the methods currently available, a plane matching approach was used to compare disconnections at different boundaries. Using this approach, the dislocation component of the disconnections was partially characterized and was found to have an edge component mainly parallel to {100} and {110}, close to normal to the macroscopic grain boundary plane. The step component of the disconnections was found to be aligned mainly parallel to the same crystallographic planes ({100} and {110}).
Agid:
6255108