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Nano-sized FeSe2 anchored on reduced graphene oxide as a promising anode material for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries

Kong, Fanjun, Lv, Linze, Gu, Ying, Tao, Shi, Jiang, Xuefan, Qian, Bin, Gao, Lei
Journal of materials science 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 4225-4235
anodes, batteries, diffusivity, electrochemistry, graphene oxide, hot water treatment, nanoparticles
High-performance transition metal selenides are considered as promising electrode materials in alkali-ion batteries. However, the poor conductivity limits their further application. Herein, FeSe₂ nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene oxide (FeSe₂@rGO) hybrid composites are prepared by a simple hydrothermal method and designed as promising anodes for lithium/sodium-ion batteries. The as-prepared FeSe₂@rGO hybrids exhibit superior electrochemical performance with large reversible capacity and excellent cycling stability. In particular, the FeSe₂@rGO electrodes deliver a specific capacity of 945.8 mAh g⁻¹ for LIBs and a reversible capacity of 468.8 mAh g⁻¹ for SIBs after 100 cycles at a current density of 100 mA g⁻¹. Besides, the FeSe2@rGO electrodes demonstrate impressed rate capability and high ion diffusion coefficient. The results could enrich electrode materials synthesis methodologies and understand the complex charge–discharge process of metal selenides for next-generation batteries.