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Quantitative determination of carbasalate calcium derived metabolites, acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid, in six animal foods using liquid-liquid extraction method coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Zheng, Weijia, Yoo, Kyung-Hee, Abd El-Aty, A.M., Park, Da-Hee, Choi, Jeong-Min, Kim, Seong-Kwan, Kang, Young-Sun, Zhang, Hongxia, Hacımüftüoğlu, Ahmet, Bekhit, Alaa El-Din, Wang, Jing, Shim, Jae-Han, Shin, Ho-Chul
Food chemistry 2019 v.278 pp. 744-750
Pleuronectiformes, acetonitrile, ammonium acetate, animal-based foods, aspirin, calcium, chemical species, eel, eggs, food matrix, formic acid, hexane, liquid chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction, markets, metabolites, milk, monitoring, muscles, protocols, quantitative analysis, salicylic acid, screening, shrimp, standard deviation, swine, tandem mass spectrometry
This work describes a simple screening protocol for quantification of carbasalate calcium derived metabolites, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and salicylic acid (SA), in animal and aquatic food matrices using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The analytes were extracted from porcine muscle, milk, egg, shrimp, eel, and flatfish using acetonitrile, with the addition of formic acid as well as trifluoroacetic acid, followed by liquid-liquid purification with saturated n-hexane. A reverse-phase analytical column was employed with a mobile phase comprising (A) 1 mM ammonium acetate in distilled water and (B) methanol to achieve the best chromatographic separation. Matrix-matched calibration curves (R2 ≥ 0.9817) were constructed using six concentrations of 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 µg/kg in porcine muscle, milk, egg, shrimp, eel, and flatfish matrices. The calculated limits of quantification (LOQ) were 10 and 7 µg/kg, for ASA and SA, respectively. Recoveries of 67 to 102% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of ≤9.0% (intra-day and inter-day) were obtained for all matrices at four spiking concentrations (5, 10, 20, and 50 µg/kg). The method was feasibly applied for monitoring market samples. In conclusion, the developed method is versatile, accurate, and precise for detecting and quantifying acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid residues in animal-derived foods meant for human consumption.