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Influence of various uropathogens on crystallization of urine mineral components caused by Proteus mirabilis

Torzewska, Agnieszka, Bednarska, Katarzyna, Różalski, Antoni
Research in microbiology 2019 v.170 no.2 pp. 80-85
Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia stuartii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria, calcium, crystallization, crystals, magnesium phosphates, mixed culture, pH, synergism, urinary calculi, urinary tract, urine, viability
Infectious urolithiasis is a consequence of long-standing urinary tract infections with urease-positive bacteria, especially Proteus spp. However, because of the often mixed nature of urinary tract infections, in the case of urinary stones formation, several species of bacteria may be involved in the process. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the bacterial species: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Providencia stuartii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus on the crystallization caused by Proteus mirabilis. The studies were conducted in synthetic urine with the addition of P. mirabilis and a representative of another species. During the experiments the viability of bacteria, pH, presence and morphology of crystals, and the intensity of crystallization were assessed. Crystallization of calcium and magnesium phosphates occurred in all investigated configurations. However, there were differences observed in the course and intensity of crystallization between the mixed culture and the P. mirabilis culture. Although most intense crystallization took place in the pure culture of P. mirabilis it was also demonstrated that the presence of other uropathogens increased the survival of P. mirabilis. This synergistic effect could be responsible for the persistence and recurrence of urolithiasis in the urinary tract.