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Road safety evaluation through automatic extraction of road horizontal alignments from Mobile LiDAR System and inductive reasoning based on a decision tree

Author:
Antonio Martín-Jiménez, José, Zazo, Santiago, Arranz Justel, José Juan, Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Pablo, González-Aguilera, Diego
Source:
ISPRS journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing 2018 v.146 pp. 334-346
ISSN:
0924-2716
Subject:
accidents, algorithms, automation, data collection, decision support systems, geometry, lidar, risk assessment, roads, traffic
Abstract:
Safe roads are a necessity for any society because of the high social costs of traffic accidents. This challenge is addressed by a novel methodology that allows us to evaluate road safety from Mobile LiDAR System data, taking advantage of the road alignment due to its influence on the accident rate. Automation is obtained through an inductive reasoning process based on a decision tree that provides a potential risk assessment. To achieve this, a 3D point cloud is classified by an iterative and incremental algorithm based on a 2.5D and 3D Delaunay triangulation, which apply different algorithms sequentially. Next, an automatic extraction process of road horizontal alignment parameters is developed to obtain geometric consistency indexes, based on a joint triple stability criterion. Likewise, this work aims to provide a powerful and effective preventive and/or predictive tool for road safety inspections. The proposed methodology was implemented on three stretches of Spanish roads, each with different traffic conditions that represent the most common road types. The developed methodology was successfully validated through as-built road projects, which were considered as “ground truth.”
Agid:
6255785