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Adding maize cobs to vertical subsurface flow constructed wetlands treating marine recirculating aquaculture system effluents: Carbon releasing kinetics and intensified nitrogen removal

Li, Meng, Sun, Linlin, Song, Xiefa
Bioresource technology 2019 v.274 pp. 267-271
biomass, carbon, chemical oxygen demand, constructed wetlands, corn cobs, effluents, nitrate nitrogen, nitrogen, recirculating aquaculture systems, seawater, sodium hydroxide, subsurface flow
This study aims to investigate the releasing behaviors of maize cobs with or without alkali (i.e. NaOH) pretreatment in seawater and distilled water, and to evaluate the effects of maize cobs addition (solid biomass and lixivium) on nitrogen removal in saline constructed wetland (CW) treating marine recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) effluents. Results revealed NaOH-treated maize cobs released carbon more efficiently, whether in seawater or in distilled water. Compared to distilled water, seawater conditions promoted carbon releasing. CW with maize cobs biomass and lixivium addition had high NO3-N removal efficiencies without significant difference, i.e. 94.9 ± 6.0% and 87.1 ± 13.2%, respectively. While CW with maize cobs biomass addition had higher effluent COD concentrations (16.3 ± 3.6 mg L−1) compared with those adding lixivium (2.1 ± 0.4 mg L−1). The study suggested adding maize cobs lixivium to be feasible and effective way to enhance nitrogen removal in saline CW.