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Effects of co-composting of lincomycin mycelia dregs with furfural slag on lincomycin degradation, degradation products, antibiotic resistance genes and bacterial community

Ren, Shengtao, Lu, Aqian, Guo, Xiaoying, Zhang, Qianqian, Wang, Yan, Guo, Xiali, Wang, Lianzhong, Zhang, Baobao
Bioresource technology 2019 v.272 pp. 83-91
antibiotic resistance genes, bacterial communities, biodegradation, composting, environmental factors, furfural, lincomycin, mycelium, pH, slags, temperature
This study explored the effects of co-composting of lincomycin mycelia dregs (LMDs) with furfural slag on variations in antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and the bacterial community. The results showed that more than 99% lincomycin was reduced after composting. Moreover, the total absolute and relative abundance of ARGs increased by 180 and 5 times, respectively. The gene lnuA was detected in the LMDs compost and it was proved to participate in lincomycin biodegradation based on the analysis of Pearson’s correlation and the lincomycin degradation byproducts. Redundancy analysis showed the succession of the bacterial community had a greater influence than the environmental parameters (residual lincomycin, C/N, pH and temperature) on the variation of ARGs during composting. Composting was not effective in reducing most of the ARGs and intI1 and thus the LMDs compost is dangerous to the ecological environment.