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A genetically-encoded synthetic self-assembled multienzyme complex of lipase and P450 fatty acid decarboxylase for efficient bioproduction of fatty alkenes

Li, Fei, Yang, Kaixin, Xu, Yun, Qiao, Yangge, Yan, Yunjun, Yan, Jinyong
Bioresource technology 2019 v.272 pp. 451-457
alkenes, carboxylic ester hydrolases, cellulose, decarboxylation, fatty acids, genetic engineering, hydrolysis, triacylglycerols
We develop an efficient and economic cascade multienzymes for fatty alkene bioproduction based on the lipase hydrolysis coupled to the P450 decarboxylation in the form of multiple enzyme complex. One step preparation of a multienzyme complex was based on a mixture of cell extracts including dockerin-enzyme fusions and one cohesin-cellulose binding module (CBM) fusion through high specific interaction of dockerin and cohesin. Simultaneously, the CBM was bound to cellulose carrier to form co-immobilized multienzyme. The key factors affecting overall efficiency of alkene bioproduction including substrate channeling of hydrolysis and decarboxylation, the ratio and position of two enzymes, stability were all addressed by genetically engineering of the synthetic CBM-cohesin fusions. The multienzymes exhibited more than 9.2 fold enhancement in initial reaction rate and much higher conversion yields (69%–72%) compared to mixture of free enzyme counterpart. The enzymatic cascade based multienzymes could efficiently convert renewable triglycerides to alkenes.