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'Makako': a new extra-late flowering self-compatible cultivar from CEBAS-CSIC
- Dicenta, F., Egea, J., Cremades, T., Martínez-Gómez, P., Ortega, E., Rubio, M., Sánchez-Pérez, R., Martínez-García, P. J.
- Acta horticulturae 2018 no.1219 pp. 9-12
- Prunus jacquemontii, almonds, breeding programs, cold, cultivars, flowering, frost, fruits, plantations, risk, seeds
- Late flowering, to avoid the late frosts, is one of the main objectives of the Almond Breeding Program of CEBAS-CSIC. The late flowering self-compatible ‘Antoñeta’ and ‘Marta’ were released long time ago, and they are nowadays broadly cultivated. Afterwards, we released the extra-late self-compatible ‘Penta’ and the ultra-late self-compatible ‘Tardona’, the latest flowering almond cultivar ever released. These cultivars are enabling the culture of almonds in cold areas, where the rest of cultivars cannot be cultivated because of frost. The new self-compatible extra-late flowering ‘Makako’ is very productive like ‘Penta’, but it flowers a few days before and it ripens a week later, enabling the harvest of matures fruits in large plantations. Furthermore, ‘Makako’ is more vigorous than ‘Penta’ and it has a larger kernel. In our opinion, the combination of ‘Penta’ with ‘Makako’ is an excellent choice for the new broad plantations in cold areas with risk of frost.