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Effects of different substrates on the germination and growth performance of chestnut nursery trees

Ertan, E., Alkan, G.
Acta horticulturae 2018 no.1220 pp. 149-154
Castanea, germination, greenhouses, growth performance, nutrient solutions, peat, perlite, pot culture, pumice, sand, seeds, soil, trees, vermiculite
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different substrates on the germination rate and growth of chestnut nursery trees. The study was carried out in the greenhouse conditions in 2015 and 2016. The chestnut seeds were sown into pots filled with different substrates. For this aim, perlite, peat, vermiculite, pumice (coarse), clinoptilolite, sand (fine) and soil were tested. Plants were grown in pot culture from the day of sowing seeds to the budding stage of chestnut nursery trees, during ten months, and they were not transplanted into another medium during the growing period. Chestnut nursery trees were nourished with Hoagland's nutrient solution formulations and to observe the effects of different substrates on nursery chestnut trees, some morphological characteristics were determined. It was concluded that the use of vermiculite and peat led to increase, respectively germination rate and growth performance, of nursery chestnut trees.