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Bacteria and parasites in Podarcis sicula and P. sicula klemmerii

Dipineto, Ludovico, Raia, Pasquale, Varriale, Lorena, Borrelli, Luca, Botta, Vittorio, Serio, Carmela, Capasso, Michele, Rinaldi, Laura
BMC veterinary research 2018 v.14 no.1 pp. 392
Citrobacter, Coccidiomorphea, Dicrocoeliidae, Enterobacter, Escherichia coli, Morganella, Pantoea, Podarcis, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, ampicillin, bacteria, epidemiology, parasites, parasitoses, pathogens, wall lizards, Italy
BACKGROUND: New epidemiological data on bacterial and parasitic infections in 24 Italian wall lizards, namely Podarcis sicula (mainland population) and P. sicula klemmerii (insular population) in southern Italy were provided. To achieve this goal, samples were collected from individuals belonging to the two populations and analysed by microbiological and parasitological methods. RESULTS: A wide range of bacteria (e.g. Pantoea spp., Citrobacter spp., Morganella spp., Pseudomonas, Enterobacter spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Escherichia coli) and parasites (e.g. Ophionyssus natricis, coccidia, Dicrocoelidae) were detected in both P. sicula and P. sicula klemmerii individuals. Insular population presented similar bacterial and parasitic diversity to its mainland counterpart. Ampicillin was the antimicrobial with the highest resistance rate. CONCLUSION: This study highlighted various bacteria and parasites, some of them potentially zoonotic. Further studies are needed to better understand the epidemiology and transmission routes of these pathogens along with their impact on the welfare and behaviour of Italian wall lizards.