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The influence of crop rotation on the onset of early blight (Alternaria solani)

Author:
Abuley, Isaac K., Nielsen, Bent J., Hansen, Hans H.
Source:
Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 2019 v.167 no.1 pp. 35-40
ISSN:
0931-1785
Subject:
Alternaria solani, blight, crop rotation, field experimentation, potatoes, Denmark
Abstract:
Field experiments were carried out in 2016 and 2017 to determine the effect of crop rotation on the onset of early blight in three potato varieties in Denmark. Six and seven fields with different histories with potato (rotation‐fields) were used for the experiments in 2016 and 2017, respectively. The results showed that variety and the interaction between variety and rotation‐field had no significant effect on the onset of early blight. Rotation‐field, on the other hand, had a significant effect on the onset of early blight in both years of the study. Early blight occurred earlier in fields with <2 years between subsequent potato crops than in fields where potatoes have not been grown for at least 2 years. The onset of early blight was not different between the fields where there had not been potatoes for at least 2 years. For fields that were preceded by potatoes, early blight occurred earlier in fields in which the severity of early blight in the previous years was higher than that in the fields in which the severity of early blight in the previous years was low or moderate. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that at least a 2‐year interval between subsequent potatoes in a rotation cycle is necessary to delay the onset of early blight. Moreover, the severity of early blight in the previous years can affect the onset of early blight.