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Role of the PB-loop in ApcE and phycobilisome core function in cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803

Zlenko, Dmitry V., Elanskaya, Irina V., Lukashev, Evgeny P., Bolychevtseva, Yulia V., Suzina, Natalia E., Pojidaeva, Elena S., Kononova, Irena A., Loktyushkin, Aleksey V., Stadnichuk, Igor N.
Biochimica et biophysica acta 2019 v.1860 no.2 pp. 155-166
Rhodophyta, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, energy transfer, mutants, mutation, photosystem II, phycobiliprotein, polypeptides, thylakoids
The phycobilisome (PBS) is a giant highly-structured pigment-protein antenna of cyanobacteria and red algae. PBS is composed of the phycobiliproteins and several linker polypeptides. The large core-membrane linker protein (LCM or ApcE) influences many features and functions of PBS and consists of several domains including the chromophorylated PB-domain. Being homologous to the phycobiliprotein α-subunits this domain includes a so-called PB-loop insertion whose functions are still unknown. We have created the photoautotrophic mutant strain of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 with lacking PB-loop. Using various spectral techniques we have demonstrated that this mutation does not destroy the PBS integrity and the internal PBS excitation energy transfer pathways. At the same time, the deletion of the PB-loop leads to the decrease of connectivity between the PBS and thylakoid membrane and to the compensatory increase of the relative photosystem II content. Mutation provokes the violation of the thylakoid membranes arrangement, the inability to perform state transitions, and diminishing of the OCP-dependent non-photochemical PBS quenching. In essence, even such a minute mutation of the PBS polypeptide component, like the PB-loop deletion, becomes important for the concerted function of the photosynthetic apparatus.