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137Cs and 239+240Pu in the Bohai Sea of China: Comparison in distribution and source identification between the inner bay and the tidal flat

Zhuang, Qifan, Li, Guosheng, Wang, Fu, Tian, Lizhu, Jiang, Xingyu, Zhang, Kexing, Liu, Geng, Pan, Shaoming, Liu, Zhiyong
Marine pollution bulletin 2019 v.138 pp. 604-617
cesium, estuaries, mixing, radionuclides, rivers, sediments, soil conservation, water pollution, watersheds, China, Yangtze River, Yellow Sea
We investigated artificial radionuclides (239+240Pu and 137Cs) in surface sediments and sediment cores collected from the Bohai Bay and the tidal flat of the Liaodong Bay, China. Increasing trends for 239+240Pu activities and 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios (˃0.18) were observed from land to sea and from north to south in the Bohai Bay. This spatial pattern implied that the scavenging process between riverine sediments and Pacific Proving Ground (PPG) source Pu transported by the currents such as Yellow Sea Warm Current had occurred in the Bohai Bay. In contrast, relatively lower 240Pu/239Pu atom ratios in the tidal flat of Liaodong Bay were due to the mixing process between more global out and less PPG source Pu. The riverine Pu contributions to the total global fallout Pu in the Haihe River (32.8%) were much lower than those in the Yangtze River estuary (77%–80%), indicating better soil conservation in the Haihe River Catchment.