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Device-scale computational fluid dynamics modeling of carbon dioxide absorption using encapsulated sorbents

Wang, Chao, Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Xu, Zhijie
Powder technology 2019 v.344 pp. 590-597
absorption, carbon, carbon dioxide, fluidized beds, hydrodynamics, interphase, microencapsulation, models, particle size, powders, sorbents
Micro-encapsulated carbon dioxide sorbent (MECS) is considered as a promising material for carbon capture system because of high capture rate, low fabrication cost, and efficient energy consumption. To accelerate the development of MECS technology for industrial deployment, device-scale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations are performed to study hydrodynamics and CO2 absorption behavior in a conceptual fluidized bed reactor. The two-fluid model solver, built in the Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges (MFIX), is adopted to solve the multiphase flow hydrodynamics by representing both fluid and solids as continuous phases. Filtered models are implemented to capture the sub-grid effects that normally cannot be directly considered because MECS particles are too small to be explicitly resolved at such a large scale. Using established CFD tools, this study aims to characterize MECS behavior and predict its carbon capture performance in a conceptual device-scale absorber. The MECS particle size and gas flow rate have significant impact on CO2 capture efficiency. The CO2 capture efficiency decreases with increasing gas flow rate. Smaller MECS particles lead to better CO2 absorption and gas-solid homogeneity.