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Novel synthesis method of ester free trimethylene carbonate derivatives

Nobuoka, Hiroaki, Ajiro, Hiroharu
Tetrahedron letters 2019 v.60 no.2 pp. 164-170
alcohols, aldehydes, biocompatibility, biodegradability, carbonates, chemical reactions, hydrides, moieties
Ester free poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) derivatives show biocompatibility and biodegradability and do not generate any acidic compounds after decomposition. Their syntheses methods are limited however, hampering their material application. Herein, we established a novel synthesis route of ester free trimethylene carbonate (TMC) derivatives. The novel synthesis route was described using six aldehydes and one ketone as starting compounds. The key reaction is the selective deprotection from two protected hydroxyl groups in the cyclic acetal structure by diisobutylaluminium hydride. This novel synthesis route means that it is possible to convert aldehyde group to ether groups in the side chain of TMC. Conventionally, only a substituent derived from a primary alcohol was introduced into the side chain. We therefore succeeded in decreasing the number of reaction steps from five to three, compared with the conventional route. Furthermore, the development of a novel synthesis route enabled the introduction of substituents derived from secondary alcohols, anticipating the creation of further types of ester free TMC derivatives.