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Cadmium bioaccumulation and elimination in tissues of the freshwater mussel Anodonta woodiana

Jing, Weixin, Lang, Lang, Lin, Zigen, Liu, Na, Wang, Lan
Chemosphere 2019 v.219 pp. 321-327
Anodonta woodiana, bioaccumulation factor, cadmium, exposure duration, freshwater mussels, gills, hemolymph, kidneys, muscles, tissues, toxicity
Experiments were carried out to investigate the bioaccumulation and elimination of cadmium (Cd) in tissues (kidney, gills, digestive gland, mantle, visceral mass, foot, adductor muscle and hemolymph) from the freshwater mussel, Anodonta woodiana. The mussels were exposed to subchronic Cd at concentrations of 0.168 and 0.675 mg L⁻¹ for 28 d of bioaccumulation and 28 d of elimination. During the bioaccumulation phase, Cd bioaccumulations increased in all tissues. The highest bioaccumulation of Cd was found in the kidney. The second-highest and third-highest bioaccumulations of Cd were found in the digestive gland and gills, respectively. The Cd bioaccumulations in the tissues of A. woodiana increased with exposure time and concentration, except for hemolymph, which reached the highest value on d 14. The bioaccumulation factors (BCFs) increased with exposure time, but an inverse relationship was observed between BCFs and exposure concentration. During the elimination phase, the visceral mass showed the highest Cd elimination rate. In the kidney, digestive gland and gills, the elimination rates almost reached 40%, but their concentrations were still higher than in other tissues. Thus, we concluded that the kidney, gills and digestive gland of A. woodiana are target tissues for subchronic Cd toxicity.