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Physical and enzymatic properties of a new manganese peroxidase from the white-rot fungus Trametes pubescens strain i8 for lignin biodegradation and textile-dyes biodecolorization

Rekik, Hatem, Zaraî Jaouadi, Nadia, Bouacem, Khelifa, Zenati, Bilal, Kourdali, Sidali, Badis, Abdelmalek, Annane, Rachid, Bouanane-Darenfed, Amel, Bejar, Samir, Jaouadi, Bassem
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.125 pp. 514-525
Armoracia, Bjerkandera adusta, Cinnamomum camphora, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Trametes pubescens, amino acids, biodegradation, botanical gardens, catalytic activity, detergents, electrophoresis, lignin, manganese, manganese peroxidase, molecular weight, pH, peroxidase, potassium cyanide, roots, sodium azide, white-rot fungi, wood, Algeria
A new manganese peroxidase-producing white-rot basidiomycete fungus was isolated from symptomatic wood of the camphor trees Cinnamomum camphora (L.) at the Hamma Botanical Garden (Algeria) and identified as Trametes pubescens strain i8. The enzyme was purified (MnP TP55) to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity and biochemically characterized. The specific activity and Reinheitzahl value of the purified enzyme were 221 U/mg and 2.25, respectively. MALDI-TOF/MS analysis revealed that the purified enzyme was a monomer with a molecular mass of 55.2 kDa. The NH2-terminal sequence of the first 26 amino acid residues of MnP TP55 showed high similarity with those of white-rot fungal peroxidases. It revealed optimal activity at pH 5 and 40 °C. This peroxidase was completely inhibited by sodium azide and potassium cyanide, suggesting the presence of heme-components in its tertiary structure. Interestingly, MnP TP55 showed higher catalytic efficiency, organic solvent-tolerance, dye-decolorization ability, and detergent-compatibility than that of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) from roots of Armoracia rustanica, manganese peroxidase from Bjerkandera adusta strain CX-9 (MnP BA30), and manganese peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium (MnP PC). Overall, the findings provide strong support for the potential candidacy of MnP TP55 for environmental applications, mainly the development of enzyme-based technologies for lignin biodegradation, textile-dyes biodecolorization, and detergent formulations.