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Microalgae biomass from swine wastewater and its conversion to bioenergy

Cheng, D.L., Ngo, H.H., Guo, W.S., Chang, S.W., Nguyen, D.D., Kumar, S.M.
Bioresource technology 2019 v.275 pp. 109-122
bacteria, bioenergy, biomass production, environmental impact, harvesting, microalgae, nutrients, pollutants, public health, swine, toxic substances, toxicity, wastewater
Ever-increasing swine wastewater (SW) has become a serious environmental concern. High levels of nutrients and toxic contaminants in SW significantly impact on the ecosystem and public health. On the other hand, swine wastewater is considered as valuable water and nutrient source for microalgae cultivation. The potential for converting the nutrients from SW into valuable biomass and then generating bioenergy from it has drawn increasing attention. For this reason, this review comprehensively discussed the biomass production, SW treatment efficiencies, and bioenergy generation potentials through cultivating microalgae in SW. Microalgae species grow well in SW with large amounts of biomass being produced, despite the impact of various parameters (e.g., nutrients and toxicants levels, cultivation conditions, and bacteria in SW). Pollutants in SW can effectively be removed by harvesting microalgae from SW, and the harvested microalgae biomass elicits high potential for conversion to valuable bioenergy.