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Dynamics of fungal diversity and interactions with environmental elements in response to wheat straw biochar amended poultry manure composting

Duan, Yumin, Awasthi, Sanjeev Kumar, Liu, Tao, Chen, Hongyu, Zhang, Zengqiang, Wang, Quan, Ren, Xiuna, Tu, Zhineng, Awasthi, Mukesh Kumar, Taherzadeh, Mohammad J.
Bioresource technology 2019 v.274 pp. 410-417
Ascomycota, Batrachochytrium, Mucor, Puccinia, biochar, composts, fungal communities, fungi, gas emissions, heat, metagenomics, poultry manure, wheat straw
The fungal dynamics and its correlation with physicochemical and gaseous emission were investigated using metagenomics and Heat map illustrator (HEMI). Five different concentrations of wheat straw biochar (WSB) were applied to poultry manure (PM) and composted for 50 days; those without the WSB treatment were used as a control. The results revealed the dominant phyla to be Chytridiomycota, Mucoromycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, while Batrachochytrium, Rhizophagus, Mucor, and Puccinia were the superior genera. In particular, the diversity of Chytridiomycota and Ascomycota was more abundant among all of the treatments. Overall, the diversity of the fungal species was correspondent, but relative abundance varied significantly among all of the composts. Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) and Non-Metric Multi- Dimensional Scaling (NMDS) indicated that different concentrations of WSB applied treatments have significantly distinct fungal communities. In addition, correlation analyses of fungal interactions with environmental elements via HEMI also indicate a clear difference among the treatments. Ultimately, the relative abundance of fungal composition significantly influenced the PM compost treated by the WSB.