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Coupling of abiotic stresses and phytohormones for the production of lipids and high-value by-products by microalgae: A review

Zhao, Yongteng, Wang, Hui-Ping, Han, Benyong, Yu, Xuya
Bioresource technology 2019 v.274 pp. 549-556
abiotic stress, biosynthesis, byproducts, cell growth, environmental factors, growth and development, heavy metals, lipids, metabolites, microalgae, plant hormones, salinity, starvation, stress tolerance, temperature
Microalgae can produce lipids and high-value by-products under abiotic stress conditions, including nutrient starvation, high light intensity, extreme temperature, high salinity and the presence of heavy metals. However, the growth and development of microalgae and the accumulation of metabolites may be inhibited by adverse stresses. In recent years, phytohormones have emerged as a topic of intense focus in microalgae research. Phytohormones could sustain the growth of microalgae under abiotic stress conditions. In addition, the combination of plant hormones and abiotic stresses could further promote the biosynthesis of metabolites and improve the ability of microalgae to tolerate abiotic stresses. This review primarily focuses on the regulatory effects of exogenous phytohormones on the biosynthesis of metabolites by microalgae under adverse environmental conditions and discusses the mechanisms of phytohormone-mediated cell growth, stress tolerance and lipid biosynthesis in microalgae under abiotic stress conditions.