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Analysis of Brassica napus dehydrins and their Co-Expression regulatory networks in relation to cold stress

Edrisi Maryan, Khazar, Samizadeh Lahiji, Habibollah, Farrokhi, Naser, Hasani Komeleh, Hassan
Gene expression patterns 2019 v.31 pp. 7-17
Brassica napus, biomarkers, breeding lines, canola, cold, cold stress, cold tolerance, cold treatment, cultivars, dehydrins, drought, embryogenesis, genes, leaves, plant hormones, protein-protein interactions, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, screening, seedlings, transgenesis
Dehydrins (DHNs) are plant specific cold and drought stress-responsive proteins that belong to late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) protein families. B. napus DHNs (BnDHNs) were computationally analyzed to establish gene regulatory- and protein-protein interaction networks. Promoter analyses suggested functionality of phytohormones in BnDHNs gene network. The relative expressions of some BnDHNs were analyzed using qRT-PCR in seedling leaves of both cold-tolerant (Zarfam) and -sensitive (Sari Gul) canola treated/untreated by cold. Our expression data were indicative of the importance of BnDHNs in cold tolerance in Zarfam. BnDHNs were classified into three classes according to the expression pattern. Moreover, expression of three BnDHN types, SKn (BnLEA10 and BnLEA18), YnKn (BnLEA90) and YnSKn (BnLEA104) were significantly high in the tolerant cultivar at 12 h of cold treatment. Our findings put forward the possibility of considering these genes as screening biomarker to determine cold-tolerant breeding lines; something that needs to be further corroborated. Furthermore, these genes may have some implications in developing such tolerant lines via transgenesis.