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An ectomycorrhizal symbiosis differently affects host susceptibility to two congeneric fungal pathogens

Gonthier, Paolo, Giordano, Luana, Zampieri, Elisa, Lione, Guglielmo, Vizzini, Alfredo, Colpaert, Jan V., Balestrini, Raffaella
Fungal ecology 2019 v.39 pp. 250-256
Heterobasidion annosum, Heterobasidion irregulare, Pinus sylvestris, Suillus luteus, ectomycorrhizae, mycorrhizal fungi, pathogens, protective effect, Eurasia, Europe, North America
The role of ectomycorrhizal fungi in modulating host susceptibility to fungal pathogens is poorly known. Pinus sylvestris susceptibility to two congeneric fungal pathogens was compared between mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal plants. The ectomycorrhizal fungus was Suillus luteus, while the pathogens were Heterobasidion irregulare and H. annosum. H. irregulare is native to North-America and invasive to Europe, whereas S. luteus and H. annosum are native to Eurasia. Non-mycorrhizal plants were equally susceptible to both pathogens. Mycorrhizal plants were significantly less susceptible to H. annosum than non-mycorrhizal plants, whereas there were no differences when considering H. irregulare. The abundance of ectomycorrhizas was negatively and significantly correlated to the level of host susceptibility only to H. annosum. This study shows that the protective role of ectomycorrhizal fungi may differ when the host is challenged by congeneric fungal pathogens. Results add a further clue to explain and predict the invasiveness of H. irregulare in Europe.