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Pharmacological and toxicological health risk of food (herbal) supplements adulterated with erectile dysfunction medications
- Žuntar, Irena, Krivohlavek, Adela, Kosić-Vukšić, Josipa, Granato, Daniel, Bursać Kovačević, Danijela, Putnik, Predrag
- Current opinion in food science 2018 v.24 pp. 9-15
- adulterated products, dietary supplements, drugs, enzymes, food science, men, patients, public health, risk
- Erectile dysfunction is one of the most common sexual disorders among men, with large number of patients worldwide. This is a multifactorial disease with (non)organic causes while main oral drugs for the treatment are phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is). Currently, sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil, udenafil, mirodenafil, lodenafil and avanafil are used. Worldwide use of herbal and dietary supplements for alleviating this problem is on a rise, as many consumers perceive these products as ‘healthier’ and safer as compared to conventional pharmaceutical preparations. However, adulteration of food supplements with PDE5Is and/or its analogues is very common and represents serious public health concern. This review address the issues with pharmacological and toxicological health risks of food supplements adulterated with erectile dysfunction medications.