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Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of vesicant agent using Eu/ZnO/pPy nanocomposite

Sharma, Pushpendra K., Singh, Virendra V., Pandey, Lokesh K., Sikarwar, Bhavna, Boopathi, Mannan, Ganesan, Kumaran
Environmental pollution 2019 v.246 pp. 491-500
Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, catalysts, climate, electrochemistry, electrodes, elemental composition, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, gold, moieties, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nanorods, photocatalysis, scanning electron microscopy, sulfur, surface area, terrorism, zinc oxide
Herein, we demonstrate a nanocomposite material Eu/ZnO/pPy for enhanced performance in photoelectrocatalytic degradation of chemical warfare agent sulphur mustard (SM) at ambient conditions which is growing concern of the Scientific Community amidst the current climate of terrorism. Eu/ZnO/pPy was electrochemically prepared on Au electrode at ambient conditions and was used for electrocatalytic reductive elimination of chloride from SM and results indicated one electron involvement process for the cleavage of the carbon-chloride bond. Surface morphology of Eu/pPy, ZnO/pPy and Eu/ZnO/pPy composites were characterized by SEM and confirmed the formation of the nanoparticles and nanorods on the modified electrode which leads to provide more surface area for the reductive elimination reaction. The elemental composition, functional groups and phase of materials on the modified electrode were deduced using EDX, Raman spectroscopy and XRD, respectively. Eu/ZnO/pPy/Au electrode was utilized for the photoelectrocatalytic degradation of SM as it exhibit excellent electrocatalytic activity and degradation products were analyzed by GC-MS. In the reductive elimination of SM, the following parameters were deduced (i) heterogeneous rate constant (0.127 sāˆ’1), (ii) transfer coefficient (0.32) and (iii) number of electron involved (1.0). The enhanced photoelectrocatalytic capability of this nanocomposite could serve as a novel and promising catalyst in defence and environmental applications.