U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


Main content area

High nanoparticles loadings mixed matrix membranes via chemical bridging-crosslinking for CO2 separation

Xu, Rui, Wang, Zhi, Wang, Ming, Qiao, Zhihua, Wang, Jixiao
Journal of membrane science 2019 v.573 pp. 455-464
artificial membranes, carbon dioxide, flue gas, hydrogen, methane, moieties, nanoparticles, nitrogen, permeability, polyethylene glycol
Under high nanoparticles loadings, the gas separation performance mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) could be limited by the inferior compatibility between polymer and nanoparticles. Herein, we utilized a “bridging-crosslinking” method to connect the polymer and nanoparticles via macromolecule. Specially, the poly(vinylamine) (PVAm) and UIO-66-NH₂ nanoparticles were bridging-crosslinked by using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDE) to achieve high nanoparticles loadings. By this way, even though the nanoparticles loadings attained 28.5 wt%, the incorporated nanoparticles still showed good dispersion in coating solution without sedimentation for one week. According to the gas permeation test, the fabricated MMMs with amounts of functional groups via “bridging-crosslinking” method displayed excellent gas separation performance and good long-term stability under the simulated flue gas. For CO₂/N₂ (15/85) mixed gas, the MMMs can achieve a high CO₂ permeance of 1295 GPU and CO₂/ N₂ selectivity of 91 at 0.3 MPa. For CO₂/CH₄ (10/90) mixed gas and CO₂/H₂ (40/60) mixed gas, the gas separation performance of MMMs was investigated.