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Integrated miRNA and mRNA transcriptomes of spleen profiles between Yorkshire and Queshan black pigs

Li, Xinjian, Qiao, Ruimin, Ye, Jianwei, Wang, Mingyu, Zhang, Chen, Lv, Gang, Wang, Kejun, Li, Xiuling, Han, Xuelei
Gene 2019 v.688 pp. 204-214
breeding, disease resistance, financial economics, gene expression, gene expression regulation, gene ontology, genes, immune response, messenger RNA, microRNA, signal transduction, sows, spleen, swine breeds, transcriptome, variance
Disease causes large economic losses to the pig industry worldwidely, immunity plays an important role in the process of resistance to disease. In the present study, to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying different levels of disease resistance, we obtained the miRNA and mRNA expression profiles from the spleens of three groups of sows, including 180-day-old Queshan Black (Q-F), 3-day-old Yorkshire (Y-N) and 180-day-old Yorkshire (Y-F) pigs. The results showed that 85 miRNAs and 5093 genes were differentially expressed in Y-F vs Y-N, and 20 miRNAs and 1283 genes were differentially expressed in Q-F vs Y-F. Gene ontology analysis of these differentially expressed genes revealed their critical roles in response to immune response-related signaling pathways. To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying immune diversity based on differentially expressed miRNAs and genes, the regulatory network between the node miRNAs and genes were established using Cytoscape. The results showed that the identified candidate miRNAs and genes were associated with immune response, and also indicated their potential roles in disease resistance variance between different pig breeds and stages. From the above, this research detected the key factors that were involved in disease resistance, and provide useful information for disease resistance breeding.