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Identification of putative non-host essential genes and novel drug targets against Acinetobacter baumannii by in silico comparative genome analysis

Uddin, Reaz, Masood, Fareha, Azam, Syed Sikander, Wadood, Abdul
Microbial pathogenesis 2019 v.128 pp. 28-35
Acinetobacter baumannii, Gram-negative bacteria, adenosine diphosphate, antibiotics, biochemical pathways, bioinformatics, chemoinformatics, computer simulation, cross infection, crystal structure, energy, enzymes, essential genes, genomics, ligands, models, molecular weight, pathogens, prediction, sequence analysis, therapeutics, vaccines
Acinetobacter baumannii, the gram-negative bacteria emerged as an extremely critical pathogen causing nosocomial and different kinds of infections. A. baumannii exhibit resistivity towards various classes of antibiotics that shows that there is a dire need to search more drug targets by exploiting the full genome of the bacteria. In doing so, a strategy is made with the combination of computational biology, pathogen informatics and cheminformatics. Comparative genomics analysis, modeling and docking studies have been performed for the prediction of non-host essential genes and novel drug candidates against A. baumannii. Among 37 unique and 82 common metabolic pathways, 92 genes were predicted as non-host genes. Similarly, using homology search between A. baumannii genome and essential genes of different bacteria, 293 genes were predicted as essential genes of A. baumannii. Among these predicted non-host and essential genes, 86 genes were predicted as non-host essential genes which could serve as potential novel drug and vaccine targets. Additional drug-target like physicochemical properties were estimated such as the molecular weight, subcellular localization and druggability potential. On the structural part, the crystal structures of all the non-host essential genes of A. baumannii were found except the three genes. Out of these three, a homology model of Undecaprenyl-diphosphatase was built using a PDB template by MODELLER [version 9.18]. The quality of the model was assessed by the ProSA and RAMPAGE. The built model was subjected as a receptor for the molecular docking with Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) as a ligand. The molecular docking was performed by AutoDock4 and the best conformation with lowest binding energy (−4.39 kcal/mol) was obtained. The LigPlot was used to identify the close interactions between the ligand the receptor's residues. This study will further aid for the selection of putative inhibitors against a novel drug target identified against A. baumannii and hence could lead to the better therapeutics.