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Influence of cell adhesive molecules attached onto PEG-lipid-modified fluid surfaces on cell adhesion

Noiri, Makoto, Kushiro, Keiichiro, Togo, Shodai, Sato, Ken, Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Y., Takai, Madoka, Teramura, Yuji
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.175 pp. 375-383
biomimetics, cell adhesion, colloids, diffusivity, epithelial cells, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, human umbilical vein endothelial cells, models, peptides, phospholipids, polyethylene glycol, quartz crystal microbalance
The involvement of intercellular interactions in various biological events indicates the importance of studying cell-cell interactions using fluid model surfaces. Here, we propose a fluid surface composed of a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) and poly(ethylene glycol)-conjugated phospholipid (PEG-lipid) derivatives, which can be an alternative to supported lipid membranes. The modification of SAM surfaces with PEG-lipids carrying functional peptides resulted in the formation of the fluid surfaces with different mobility, which was quantitatively determined by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). Different types of fluid surfaces with calculated diffusion coefficients between 0.9 ± 0.25 and 0.16 ± 0.03 μm2/sec for PEG-lipids derivatives were fabricated, onto which arginylglycylaspartate (RGD) peptides were immobilized for cell adhesion, and compared to solid surfaces with the same surface density of RGD peptides. The fluid surfaces revealed that cell adhesions of epithelial cells (MCF-10 A) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) could not be established on the surfaces with higher fluidity, while cells could adhere onto surfaces with lower fluidity, where the lateral diffusion of PEG-lipids was approximately 20 times lower, and solid surfaces. Interestingly, cells that adhered onto the surface with lower fluidity proliferated at a normal rate while maintaining their round morphology, which was a different shape from that observed on solid surfaces. Thus, the scaffold fluidity greatly influenced cell adhesion behaviors, demonstrating that it is an important parameter for designing novel biomimetic scaffolds for biomedical applications.