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Efficient capture of eosin yellow and crystal violet with high performance xanthan-acacia hybrid super-adsorbent optimized using response surface methodology

Kumar Sharma, Amit, Priya,, Singh Kaith, Balbir, Bajaj, Sakshi, Bhatia, Jaspreet K., Panchal, Sagar, Sharma, Nisha, Tanwar, Vaishali
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.175 pp. 314-323
Acacia, acrylamides, adsorption, ammonium persulfate, citric acid, colloids, crosslinking, eosin, gentian violet, heat production, mixing, models, response surface methodology, xanthan gum
Blending of xanthan and acacia gives a unique hybrid that was used for the synthesis of semi-interpenetrating network (semi-IPN) in which poly(acrylamide) chains were grafted onto hybrid of xanthan-acacia followed by their cross-linking (Xan-Aca-cl-poly(AAm)). Optimization was carried out under response surface methodology-central composite design (RSM-CCD). Maximum percentage swelling of semi-IPN obtained was 496.57%. The concentrations of acrylamide, citric acid and ammonium persulphate used as monomer, cross-linker and initiator, respectively were found to be significant parameters. The blend was highly effective in removal of both cationic (crystal violet) and anionic dyes (eosin yellow) showing maximum dye removal capacity of 97.58% and 95.42%, respectively under optimized parameters - 0.4 g semi-IPN dose in 15 ml dye solution of 10 mg L−1 concentration within 16 h. Adsorption mechanism of both the dyes followed three steps in accordance with intraparticle diffusion model along with mono layer langmuir adsorption criteria. Second order kinetics was followed in case of both dyes. Thermodynamic studies gave idea about the exothermic nature of adsorption. Semi-IPN could be recycled up to eight consecutive cycles and hence, can be utilized for industrial purpose for removal of dyes.