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Sequential coagulation/flocculation and microwave-persulfate processes for landfill leachate treatment: Assessment of bio-toxicity, effect of pretreatment and cost-analysis

Tripathy, Binay Kumar, Kumar, Mathava
Waste management 2019 v.85 pp. 18-29
Vibrio fischeri, alum, ammonia, chemical oxygen demand, coagulants, coagulation, cost analysis, decolorization, energy, ferric chloride, flocculation, landfill leachates, pH, toxicity, turbidity, waste management, zinc sulfate
The possibility of landfill leachate treatment in a coupled microwave-persulfate (MW-PS) system with and without pretreatment, i.e. coagulation-flocculation (C-F) was investigated. The C-F pretreatment with alum and FeCl3 has reduced the turbidity from 90 NTU to 43 NTU and 10 NTU, respectively, at the optimized coagulant dosage. Moreover, 73% COD and 86% color removal was observed in C-F pretreatment with FeCl3. The application of MW-PS system (at 10 g/L of PS dosage) for pretreated leachate (FeCl3 dosage 1 g/L and pH 5.5) has produced a final COD removal of 89%. Similarly, alum pretreatment (dosage 1.6 g/L, pH 8.2) coupled with MW-PS system has achieved a total COD removal of 62%. In MW-PS system, the ratio of initial PS dosage to initial COD ratio has shown significant effect on leachate treatment. However, slightly lesser ammonia removal was observed in MW-PS (93%) compared to MW alone (97%) owing to reduction in pH of the system. The comparison of bio-toxicity (i.e. inhibition to aliivibrio fischeri) of treated samples from MW-PS and MW alone after pretreatment, i.e. 12.1 mg/L and 6.8 mg/L of equivalent ZnSO4 toxicity, indicated that MW-PS treated sample were found to be more toxic than MW alone treatment and raw leachate (7.6 mg/L and 7.2 mg/L of equivalent ZnSO4 toxicity, respectively) due to sulfate ion. This indicates that C-F followed by MW alone would be an ideal option for leachate treatment. The cost and energy estimation of MW and MW coupled systems well supported the above findings.