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Poly-adenine-mediated spherical nucleic acids for strand displacement-based DNA/RNA detection

Wang, Lu, Zhang, Huan, Wang, Chenguang, Xu, Yi, Su, Jing, Wang, Xiao, Liu, Xinxin, Feng, Dezhi, Wang, Lihua, Zuo, Xiaolei, Shi, Jiye, Ge, Zhilei, Fan, Chunhai, Mi, Xianqiang
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.127 pp. 85-91
DNA, DNA probes, biosensors, blood serum, carcinoma, chemical species, detection limit, diagnostic techniques, hybridization, medicine, microRNA, nanogold, nanoparticles, nucleic acid hybridization, oligonucleotides
DNA-gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) conjugate is one of the most versatile bionanomaterials for biomedical and clinical diagnosis. However, to finely tune the hybridization ability and precisely control the orientation and conformation of surface-tethered oligonucleotides on AuNPs remains a hurdle. In this work, we developed a poly adenine-mediated spherical nucleic acid (polyA-mediated SNA) strategy by assembling di-block DNA probes on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to spatially control interdistance and hybridization ability of oligonucleotides on AuNPs. By modulating length of poly A bound on the SNA with different degrees of constructing, we presented significant improved biosensing performance including high hybridization efficiency, and expanded dynamic range of analytes with more sensitive detection limit. Furthermore, this polyA design could facilitate the programmable detection for DNA in serum environment and simultaneous multicolor detection of three different microRNAs associated with pancreatic carcinoma. The demonstration of the link between modulation of SNA assembly strategy and biodetection capability will increase the development of high performance diagnostic tools for translational biomedicine.