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Arbuscular mycorrhiza improves nitrogen use efficiency in soybean grown under partial root-zone drying irrigation

Liu, Hang, Song, Fengbin, Liu, Shengqun, Li, Xiangnan, Liu, Fulai, Zhu, Xiancan
Archiv für Acker- und Pflanzenbau und Bodenkunde 2019 v.65 no.2 pp. 269-279
Glycine max, carbon, deficit irrigation, host plants, irrigation rates, isotope labeling, leaves, mycorrhizal fungi, nitrogen, nutrient use efficiency, plant growth, root zone drying, roots, seedlings, soybeans, stable isotopes, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, water stress
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can form symbiotic association with the roots of plants that acquire carbon (C) exclusively from the host plants and supply nitrogen (N) to the plants. In this study, our objective was to investigate the effects of the AM fungus on plant growth, C and N partitioning and accumulation of Glycine max L. grown under water stress in pot experiment. Soybean seedlings were inoculated or not inoculated with the AM fungus, and were exposed to three irrigation treatments including full irrigation, deficit irrigation and partial root-zone drying irrigation (PRD). The ¹⁵N isotope labeling was used to trace soybean N accumulation. Results showed that water stress significantly decreased plant dry weight. Compared with non-AM fungus, AM fungus increased root N and ¹⁵N concentration, and decreased stem, leaf and pod N and ¹⁵N concentrations under PRD. AM colonization decreased C and N partitioning into stem and leaf, and increased C and N partitioning into root under PRD. AM plants had greater C accumulation and N use efficiency than non-AM plants. It was concluded that AM symbiosis plays an important role in C and N dynamics of soybean grown under water stress.