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Phytoremediation of Ni-contaminated soil by Salicornia iranica

Kaviani, Elina, Niazi, Ali, Moghadam, Ali, Taherishirazi, Mohsen, Heydarian, Zohreh
Environmental technology 2019 v.40 no.3 pp. 270-281
Salicornia, abscisic acid, absorption, arsenic, cadmium, carotenoids, chlorophyll, environmental technology, glutathione, glutathione transferase, heavy metals, hydrochloric acid, industry, lead, mercuric chloride, mercury, nickel, oncogenes, peptide elongation factors, phytoremediation, plant growth, pollutants, polluted soils, pollution, proline, roots, shoots, zinc sulfate
Although nickel (Ni) is useful and is used in various industries, it is one of the most usual and important sources of heavy metals pollutants in the world. In this study, Salicornia iranica was used in order to phytoremediate Ni-contaminated soil. Possible mechanisms of plant tolerance to Ni pollution and its detoxification were studied through using expression analysis of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and measurement of involved key physiological components. The concentration of the chlorophylls a, b, total chlorophyll, and carotenoids were significantly decreased in 500 mg/kg Ni at 3, 24, 48 h, and 90 days after the treatment. Free proline significantly increased in the tissues. The absorption and concentration of Ni increased in tissues, so that Ni concentration at 50, 250, and 500 mg Ni/kg soil significantly increased to 2.5, 3.5, and 4.5 fold compared with the lowest Ni level respectively. In addition, the GST expression was significantly increased both in the 50 and 500 mg/kg Ni treatment. The highest concentration of Ni affected plant growth parameters such as the root and shoot lengths. Therefore, S. iranica is able to accumulate Ni and it can be used as an environmental biotechnological study for phytoremediation of Ni-polluted soils. Abbreviations: ABA: abscisic acid; ABRE: ABA-responsive element; As⁺³: arsenic; Cd²⁺: cadmium; ef1: elongation factor; FW: fresh weight; GSH: glutathione; GST: glutathione-S-transferase; GSTU: tau class GST; Hcl: hydrochloric acid; Hg²⁺: mercury; HgCl₂: mercury(II) chloride; MYB: myeloblastosis viral oncogene homolog; Ni⁺²: nickel; Pb: lead; SiGSTU: Salicornia iranica GSTU; ZnSO₄: zinc sulfate