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Extraction and Separation of Vitisin D, Ampelopsin B and cis-Vitisin A from Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz by Alkaline Extraction–Acid Precipitation and High-Speed Counter-Current Chromatography

Author:
Lv, Huanhuan, Zhou, Wenna, Wang, Xiaoyan, Wang, Zhenhua, Suo, Yourui, Wang, Honglun
Source:
Journal of chromatographic science 2016 v.54 no.5 pp. 744-751
ISSN:
1945-239X
Subject:
Iris lactea, countercurrent chromatography, fractionation, high performance liquid chromatography, immunosuppression, neuroprotective effect, seeds, solvents, therapeutics
Abstract:
Naturally occurring oligostilbenes are receiving more attention because they exhibit several beneficial effects for health, including hepatoprotective, antitumor, anti-adipogenic, antioxidant, antiaging, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antiviral, immunosuppressive and neuroprotective activities. Thus, they could be of some potentially therapeutic values for several diseases. In this study, we adopted the alkaline extraction–acid precipitation (AEAP) method for extraction of oligostilbenes from the seed kernel of Iris lactea. Then, the high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) was used for preparative isolation and purification of oligostilbenes from the AEAP extracts. Finally, three oligostilbenes, namely vitisin D (73 mg), ampelopsin B (25 mg) and cis-vitisin A (16 mg), were successfully fractionated by HSCCC with a two-phase solvent system composed of n-hexane–ethyl acetate–methanol–water (2:5:3:6, v/v/v/v) from 300 mg of the AEAP extracts in ∼190 min. The purities of the three isolated oligostilbenes were all over 95.0% as analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. They all were isolated from I. lactea for the first time. The method of AEAP for the preparation of the oligostilbene-enriched crude sample was simple, and the HSCCC technique for the isolation and purification of oligostilbenes was efficient.
Agid:
6260947