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Isolation of Flavonoids From Wild Aquilaria sinensis Leaves by an Improved Preparative High-Speed Counter-Current Chromatography Apparatus

Yang, Mao-Xun, Liang, Yao-Guang, Chen, He-Ru, Huang, Yong-Fang, Gong, Hai-Guang, Zhang, Tian-You, Ito, Yoichiro
Journal of chromatographic science 2018 v.56 no.1 pp. 18-24
Aquilaria sinensis, acetates, countercurrent chromatography, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, high performance liquid chromatography, inhibitory concentration 50, kaempferol, leaves, nitrites, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, quercetin, solvents
Four flavonoids including apigenin-7,4′-dimethylether, genkwanin, quercetin, and kaempferol were isolated in a preparative or semi-preparative scale from the leaves of wild Aquilaria sinensis using an improved preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography apparatus. The separations were performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of hexane–ethyl acetate, methanol–water at suitable volume ratios. The obtained fractions were analyzed by HPLC, and the identification of each target compound was carried out by ESI-MS and NMR. The yields of the above four target flavonoids were 4.7, 10.0, 11.0 and 4.4%, respectively. All these four flavonoids exhibited nitrite scavenging activities with the clearance rate of 12.40 ± 0.20%, 5.84 ± 0.03%, 28.10 ± 0.17% and 5.19 ± 0.11%, respectively. Quercetin was originally isolated from the Thymelaeaceae family, while kaempferol was isolated from the Aquilaria genus for the first time. In cytotoxicity test these two flavonoids exhibited moderate inhibitory activities against HepG2 cells with the IC₅₀ values of 12.54 ± 1.37 and 38.63 ± 4.05 μM, respectively.