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Different Performance of Two Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) Species Feeding on Sugars

Tian, Jun-Ce, Wang, Geng-Wei, Romeis, Jörg, Zheng, Xu-Song, Xu, Hong-Xing, Zang, Lian-Sheng, Lu, Zhong-Xian
Environmental entomology 2016 v.45 no.5 pp. 1316-1321
Trichogramma chilonis, biological control, fecundity, females, foods, fructose, galactose, glucose, honeydew, ingestion, insect nutrition, longevity, maltose, melezitose, melibiose, nectar, parasitoids, physiological response, sucrose, taste
Most parasitoids depend on carbohydrate-rich foods to maximize their longevity and reproduction potential. These food resources are commonly from floral nectar, extra-floral nectar, and honeydew, which contain monosaccharides, disaccharides, and oligosaccharides. Here, we report an experiment to explore the effects of 12 naturally occurring sugars on the gustatory response, longevity, and fecundity of Trichogramma japonicum and Trichogramma chilonis. These two parasitoid species differed in their responses to the tested sugars. Trichogramma japonicum showed a high gustatory response to eight sugars, but T. chilonis to only six. However, only fructose, glucose, and sucrose increased the longevity of T. japonicum, and only glucose enhanced the fecundity. For T. chilonis, fructose, galactose, gluctose, maltose, melibiose, sucrose, and melezitose prolonged the longevity and increased fecundity. Furthermore, female T. japonicum benefitted much less from the ingestion of sugars when compared with female T. chilonis. For T. japonicum, feeding on suitable sugars, longevity was increased by a factor of 1.8–2.0, and fecundity by a factor of 1.5. In T. chilonis, longevity increased by a factor of 2.9–5.2 and fecundity by 2.7–4.0. Thus, providing the right sugars to the parasitoids will help to enhance the biological control efficacy of Trichogramma, and T. chilonis in particular.