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Insights into the evolution of heliozoa (Protozoa, Sarcodina) as provided by ultrastructural studies on a new species of flagellate from the genus Pteridomonas
- PATTERSON, DAVID J., FENCHEL, T.
- Biological journal of the Linnean Society 1985 v.24 no.4 pp. 381-403
- Golgi apparatus, Heliozoa, Protozoa, algae, ancestry, evolution, flagellum, hairs, microtubules, mitochondria, new species, taxonomic revisions
- The fine structure of Pteridomonas danica, a new species of helioflagellate (protozoa), is described. The organism has a single apical flagellum which bears two rows of tripartite tubular hairs. There are two kinetosomes which are bound to each other and to the surface of the single nucleus by amorphous electron-dense material. The flagellum is surrounded by a wreath of fine arms, which are supported internally by triads of microtubules. The triads terminate on the nucleus. The mitochondria have tubular cristae which contain wisps of intracristal material. The dictyosomes are located in the posterior part of the cell, being clustered around the internal element of the contractile stalk. Extrusomes are present. Pteridomonas has substantial similarities with the colourless flagellate Ciliophrys and with the pedinellid algal flagellates. As Ciliophrys resembles the actinophryid heliozoa in several important respects, the evidence supports the contention that these heliozoa have a common ancestry with the heterokont algae and have evolved along a line involving the pedinellids and some colourless helioflagellates. If the perceived relationships are to be reflected in their taxonomy, then a substantial reclassification of these organisms is required.