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The effect of inflammation on the synthesis of luteinizing hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor expression in the pars tuberalis of ewe during different photoperiodic conditions

Wojtulewicz, Karolina, Tomaszewska-Zaremba, Dorota, Krawczyńska, Agata, Tomczyk, Monika, Przemysław Herman, Andrzej
Canadian journal of animal science 2018 v.98 no.4 pp. 675-687
endotoxins, ewes, gene expression, genes, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, hormone receptors, inflammation, lipopolysaccharides, luteinizing hormone, melatonin, protein synthesis, secretion
The study was designed to determine the effect of endotoxin-induced inflammation on luteinizing hormone (LH) synthesis and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor expression in the pars tuberalis (PT) of ewes during anestrous season and follicular phase taking into account the time of the day. Moreover, the effect of inflammation on the release of melatonin and its type I receptor gene expression in the PT was also determined. Lipopolysaccharide administration reduced nocturnal release of melatonin only during anestrous season, but it did not influence the gene expression of melatonin type I receptor in the PT. Inflammation inhibited nocturnal increase in the gene and protein expression of LH in the PT during the follicular phase. Since in day-active species nocturnal accumulation of LH protein in the pituitary precedes the LH surge, this lowering of LH content may delay or disturb the surge occurrence. Suppression of LH secretion could have resulted from the decreased sensitivity of the PT on the action of GnRH because inflammation reduced GnRH receptor expression. The study suggests that the ability of endotoxin to suppress LH synthesis in the PT may be another mechanism by which inflammation disturbs reproductive neuroendocrine axis in seasonal breeders.