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Determination of Free Amino Acids in Three Species of Duckweed (Lemnaceae)

Zhang, Xiaolong, Chen, Hongyan, Wu, Dawei, Gu, Wei, Sun, Xiao, Chen, Jian, Wu, Qinan
Journal of food quality 2018 v.2018
Landoltia punctata, Lemna aequinoctialis, Spirodela polyrhiza, chemometrics, detection limit, free amino acids, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, principal component analysis, tandem mass spectrometry, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
In this study, a fast, simple, precise, and sensitive hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) method was established for simultaneous determination of free amino acids in three different varieties of duckweed including Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid., Landoltia punctata (G. Mey.) Les & D. J. Crawford, and Lemna aequinoctialis Welwitsch by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Method validation was processed in terms of linearity, precision, stability, repeatability, and accuracy as well as limits of detection and quantification. The developed method was applied for quantification of 59 batches of samples. Then chemometric analysis was used to evaluate different duckweeds by principle component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). The results demonstrated that there was no significant difference in FAAs’ profile among three varieties of duckweed.