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Investigation on characteristics of 3D printing using Nostoc sphaeroides biomass

An, Yan‐Jun, Guo, Chao‐Fan, Zhang, Min, Zhong, Ze‐Ping
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2019 v.99 no.2 pp. 639-646
Nostoc, algae, biomass, gels, models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, nutrition, potato starch, rehydration, texture, viscosity
BACKGROUND: Gel‐like constructs can be produced using an extrusion‐based 3D food printing (3D‐FP) technique. Nostoc sphaeroides biomass is a natural gel material. Considering its good nutrition and rheological properties, these algae were chosen in this study as supply material (ink) for 3D‐FP. With this gel material, the extrusion‐based 3D printing system was set as a model, and the printing behavior was investigated. Furthermore, the 3D‐FP mechanisms were explained through low‐field nuclear magnetic resonance and rheological measurements. RESULTS: Results indicated that although fresh biomass gel was printable, non‐uniformity and instability occurred during printing. Blanched inks showed non‐smooth printing behavior, which was associated with a decrease in elasticity and viscosity. Printability was improved by increasing the rehydration time to 24 h when rehydrated powder was used. Increasing the rehydration time increased the water‐binding degree. Pre‐gelatinized potato starch was added to the mixture at ratios ranging from 1 to 100 g kg⁻¹. The best printing outcome was observed at 40 g kg⁻¹ potato starch. CONCLUSION: We emphasize that elasticity and viscosity balance is an essential parameter to achieve printability. The strategies adopted in this work provide new insights into the development of personalized food regarding texture and nutritional additive content. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry